New-old methods of reducing and monitoring X-ray exposure in the interventional radiology environment
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Instytut Medycyny Pracy im. prof. J. Nofera / Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland (Zakład Ochrony Radiologicznej / Radiation Protection Department)
Online publication date: 2020-10-27
Corresponding author
Mateusz Michał Mirowski   

Instytut Medycyny Pracy im. prof. J. Nofera, Zakład Ochrony Radiologicznej, ul. św. Teresy 8, 91-348 Łódź
Med Pr Work Health Saf. 2021;72(1):49–59
Ionizing radiation as a scientific achievement provides a variety of advantages, e.g., in the medical field. However, it also causes a risk of some illnesses, e.g., cataract or cancer. This results in the need to measure radiation doses and to reduce the unnecessary risk. There are 3 main methods of dose reduction, i.e., shortening the time of exposure, working as far as possible from the X-ray source, and using radioprotective shields. Together with the development of science and technology, dose reduction methods and radioprotection methods have also evolved. Besides improved shielding, the ergonomics is also more advanced, e.g., the zero-gravity shielding or light, and non-lead aprons. What is more, the awareness of using radiological protection and conducting the surgery in the safest way for both the staff and the patient is growing up. The goal of this article is to discuss the newest methods of radiation protection against the background of 3 main protection principles. Med Pr. 2021;72(1):49–59