Directions of organizational and economic changes in occupational health services as a response to the COVID-19 pandemic – challenges to the health crises
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Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi / Medical University of Lodz, Łódź, Polska (Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu, Zakład Ubezpieczeń Medycznych i Finansowania Ochrony Zdrowia / Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Medical Insurance and Health Care Financing)
Online publication date: 2022-12-28
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Izabela Rydlewska-Liszkowska   

Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi, Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu, Zakład Ubezpieczeń Medycznych i Finansowania Ochrony Zdrowia, ul. Lindleya 6, 90-131 Łódź
Med Pr Work Health Saf. 2022;73(6):471-83
The COVID-19 pandemic caused not only short-term organizational and economic changes in the functioning of occupational health services, but also enforced to include them in the formulation of a strategic systemic approach to this link of the health care system. The aim of the article is to identify and describe the organizational and economic changes in occupational health services during the pandemic. On this basis, the directions of further research on the improvement of the activities of health care entities of working people in response to future health crises have been formulated. The review covered legal acts relating to organizational and economic changes, Polish and foreign expert publications, full-text Polish and English-language scientific articles included in the PubMed database, publications beyond the specified period, consistent and useful in explaining the concepts of organization, management and economics. The changes in occupational health services presented in the literature during the pandemic consisted of: introducing additional organizational forms of providing health care to employees including occupational medicine leaders, strengthening supervision over working conditions, interdisciplinary cooperation for managing the health of working people, participation in pro-vaccination campaigns, activities in the field of rehabilitation after COVID-19 and new-quality cooperation with public and private health stakeholders. As the result of the review, problems were formulated for future research, which included ensuring the security of occupational medicine entities in terms of resource availability, adjusting the allocation of resources to new financial needs during and after a pandemic, evaluation of organizational and economic changes introduced during the pandemic and the legitimacy of their maintenance in subsequent periods, the development of economic and organizational instruments for the time of crisis, the scope and principles of cooperation with health care stakeholders and the introduction of medical technologies based on a medical and economic assessment according to Health Technology Assessment. Med Pr. 2022;73(6):471–83
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