Evaluation of chosen determinants of the positive practice environments (PPE) at Polish nursing wards
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Medical University of Lodz / Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi, Łódź, Poland (Department of Social Nursing and Management in Nursing / Zakład Pielęgniarstwa Społecznego i Zarządzania w Pielęgniarstwie)
Pomeranian Medical University / Pomorski Uniwersytet Medyczny, Szczecin, Poland (Faculty of Health Sciences / Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu)
Medical University of Warsaw / Uniwersytet Medyczny w Warszawie, Warszawa, Poland (Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Social Nursing / Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu, Zakład Pielęgniarstwa Społecznego)
Medical University of Lodz / Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi, Łódź, Poland (Department of Nursing Theory and Skills in Nursing / Zakład Teorii Pielęgniarstwa i Umiejętności Pielęgniarskich)
Medical University of Lodz / Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi, Łódź, Poland (Department of Social Pathology and Preventive Medicine / Katedra Medycyny Społecznej i Zapobiegawczej)
Corresponding author
Dorota Kilańska   

Medical University of Lodz, Department of Social Nursing and Management in Nursing, Kościuszki 4, 90-419 Łódź, Poland
Med Pr Work Health Saf. 2016;67(1):11-9
Background: At many Polish hospitals, insufficient attention is given to positive work environment. In many cases nurses, similarly to the representatives of other professional groups, are not provided with facilities or tools to perform their professional tasks in safe conditions. The aspects of recruitment and retention of employees are often ignored. The aim of this study has been to assess the chosen determinants of work environment of nurses in Poland using the concept of the Positive Practice Environments (PPE). Material and Methods: The survey was carried out from 2008 to 2011 among 1049 nursing students of 3 randomly selected public medical universities that provided nursing education at the graduate level of the Master of Science. All the people qualified for the study group were practising nurses or midwives. The Polish Nursing Association coordinated the project, obtained the tool, translated it and adjusted it to the Polish conditions. The areas covered in the survey were: a place of employment, selected physical and social elements influencing the work conditions, and biographical information. Results: Access to as many as 8 factors identified as attributes of friendly environments was found unsatisfactory by over 50% of the nurses. For the purpose of objective assessment, the results were compared with the results obtained in the group of nurses in England. Conclusions: The majority of the surveyed nurses were not satisfied with their work environments. Polish nurse managers should ensure that aspects of recognized attributes of friendly, positive practice environments for nurses are established to support nurses’ satisfaction as a pre-condition for patients’ safety. Med Pr 2016;67(1):11–19
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