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ORIGINAL PAPER
 
CC BY-NC 3.0 Polska
 
 

Economic costs due to workers’ sick leave at wastewater treatment plants in Bulgaria

Elka Ilieva Toseva 1  ,  
 
1
Medical University of Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgaria (Department of Hygiene and Ecomedicine, Faculty of Public Health)
2
Medical University of Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgaria (Department of Health Management and Health Economics, Faculty of Public Health)
Med Pr 2018;69(2):129–141
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
Background: The compensatory mechanisms of social security include expenses for sick leave. The aim of the study is to determine the economic cost due to sick leave among workers in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), comparing with the same economic indicators of the National Social Security Institute (NSSI) in Bulgaria. Material and Methods: The sick leave of 111 workers at 3 WWTPs was studied in the period 2012–2014 on the grounds of registered absences from work due to temporary incapacity for work. The economic indicators of the NSSI, the gross salary at WWTPs, payable social security contributions and compensatory payments for sick leave have been used for economic cost calculation for temporary incapacity of the workers. Results: The frequency of cases and the frequency of lost days due to temporary incapacity were increased in the observed period at WWTPs and in Bulgaria, and it is significantly higher for the employed at WWTPs. The percentage share of workers equivalent to 1.66% at WWTPs have not worked for an entire year as a result of temporary incapacity in 2012, 2.76% – in 2013, and 4.61% – in 2014. The economic burden due to sick leave at WWTPs was raised from EUR 4913.02 in 2012 to EUR 16 895.80 for 2014 for employers and the NSSI. Conclusions: The frequency of cases and the frequency of lost days due to temporary incapacity were increased in the observed period at WWTPs and in Bulgaria, and it is significantly higher for the employed at WWTPs. The economic burden was equally distributed between employers and the NSSI. Med Pr 2018;69(2):129–141
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Elka Ilieva Toseva   
Medical University of Plovdiv, Department of Hygiene and Ecomedicine, Faculty of Public Health, 15A Vassil Aprilov Blvd., Plovdiv 4002, Bulgaria
eISSN:2353-1339
ISSN:0465-5893