Ten years of the application of REACH and CLP – assessing the knowledge and implementation of these regulations by Polish users of chemicals
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Instytut Medycyny Pracy im. prof. J. Nofera / Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland (Zakład Bezpieczeństwa Chemicznego / Department of Chemical Safety)
Online publication date: 2019-06-10
Corresponding author
Katarzyna Konieczko   

Instytut Medycyny Pracy im. prof. J. Nofera, Zakład Bezpieczeństwa Chemicznego, ul. św. Teresy 8, 91-348 Łódź
Med Pr Work Health Saf. 2019;70(4):435-44
Background: The aim of this work was to assess the awareness among both downstream users and distributors of chemicals in Poland, as regards legal regulations applicable to chemicals (i.e., the Regulation on Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals − REACH, and the Registration on classification, labelling and packaging − CLP), and to identify on this basis the needs for training and information campaigns addressed to these professional groups, by means of a questionnaire survey. Material and Methods: The SurveyMonkey Internet survey software was selected for this purpose. Two groups of respondents were surveyed − downstream users (DU) and distributors (D) of chemicals, and consumers. Results: Responses were obtained from 65 downstream users and distributors of chemicals, and from 98 consumers. As many as 23% of the respondents did not know the obligations imposed on their company by REACH and CLP. Over 59% of the DU/D respondents did not have the opportunity to participate in chemical safety management (CSM) training in the last 5 years. Eighty percent of the respondents were interested in participating in free courses that would enable them to broaden their knowledge of the classification, labeling and marketing of chemicals. Conclusions: Despite the 10 years of the application of REACH and CLP, many people working for chemical enterprises still do not know their company’s obligations set out in these regulations. The percentage of people positively assessing their competences increases with the size of the enterprise. The results of the survey indicate the need to organize continuous training for people using chemicals in their professional activity and for distributors. It is very important to ensure training at the basic level of chemical distributors. Such training should provide them with elementary knowledge on the hazards posed by chemicals, which could then be passed to consumers in an understandable manner. Med Pr. 2019;70(4):435–44
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