REVIEW PAPER
The importance of sight for drivers
 
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1
Instytut Medycyny Pracy im. prof. J. Nofera / Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland (Przychodnia Chorób Zawodowych / Outpatient Clinic of Occupational Diseases)
2
Instytut Medycyny Pracy im. prof. J. Nofera / Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland (Zakład Fizjologii Pracy i Ergonomii / Department of Work Physiology and Ergonomics)
3
Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi / Medical University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland (Wydział Lekarski (studentka) / Faculty of Medicine (student))
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Alicja Pas-Wyroślak   

Przychodnia Chorób Zawodowych, Instytut Medycyny Pracy im. prof. J. Nofera, ul. św. Teresy 8, 91-348 Łódź
 
Med Pr 2013;64(3):419–425
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ABSTRACT
Sight is the basic sense for drivers. Condition of the eye determines correct, comfortable and safe performance of the work as drivers. This article presents various factors influencing the sight condition. There are two groups of factors, external (environment, the kind and time of work, stress caused by work) and internal (systemic and local disorders). All these factors can reduce significantly visual functions, such as visual acuity, field of vision, color vision, strereoscopic vision, twilight vision and glare sensitivity. There are also presented actual requirements for drivers and causes of the car accidents in various age groups. Impairments in vision functions can be dangerous for both the driver and other road users. Med Pr 2013;64(3):419–425
eISSN:2353-1339
ISSN:0465-5893