ORIGINAL PAPER
Etiological factors of carpal tunnel syndrome in subjects occupationally exposed to monotype wrist movements
 
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Instytut Medycyny Pracy im. prof. J. Nofera / Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland (Klinika Chorób Zawodowych i Toksykologii, Przychodnia Chorób Zawodowych / Department of Occupational Diseases and Toxicology, Out-patient Clinic of Occupational Disease)
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Instytut Medycyny Pracy im. prof. J. Nofera w Łodzi / Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland (Klinika Chorób Zawodowych i Toksykologii, Oddział Chorób Zawodowych / Department of Occupational Diseases and Toxicology, Division of Occupational Diseases)
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Magdalena Lewańska   

Instytut Medycyny Pracy im. prof. J. Nofera, Klinika Chorób Zawodowych i Toksykologii, Przychodnia Chorób Zawodowych, ul. św. Teresy 8, 90-950 Łódź
 
Med Pr 2014;65(2):261–270
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ABSTRACT
Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common neuropathy of upper limbs and a leading cause of upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders, in terms of work exposure, repetitive and forceful exertions of the hand and use of vibrating hand tools. The aim of the study was to evaluate etiological factors of carpal tunnel syndrome in subjects occupationally exposed to monotype movements in wrist. Material and Methods: We conducted the retrospective analysis of 300 patients (261 women, 39 men), mean age 52 years (standard deviation: ±6.93) hospitalized with the suspicion of occupational CTS. Results: The study revealed high percentage (68.7%) of diseases and systemic factors involved in the pathogenesis of CTS in the analyzed population, especially obesity (32%), thyroid diseases (28.7%), hormone replacement therapy and/or oophorectomy (16.3%) and diabetes mellitus (12%). In 111 patients the coexistence of at least a couple of potential etiological factors of the neuropathy was recognized. Clinical analysis and occupational exposure allowed to diagnose occupational carpal tunnel syndrome in 18 (6%) patients only. The undeniable long-term (20.2±9.3 years) occupational exposure to repetitive, forceful movements in the wrist was observed in this group. Conclusion: The results of our study indicated that non-occupational etiological factors of CTS predominated and in 37% of patients at least several factors were found. The analysis showed the high prevalence of CTS in workers employed in various sectors of industry, including so called "blue collar" workers. Our study confirmed the multifactorial etiology of carpal tunnel syndrome, however, occupational agents contributed to only 6% of cases. Med Pr 2014;65(2):261–270
eISSN:2353-1339
ISSN:0465-5893