What is job crafting? Review of theoretical models of job crafting
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Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy – Państwowy Instytut Badawczy / Central Institute for Labour Protection – National Research Institute, Warsaw, Poland (Zakład Ergonomii, Pracownia Psychologii i Socjologii Pracy / Department of Ergonomics, Laboratory of Psychology and Sociology of Work)
Online publication date: 2021-07-01
Corresponding author
Łukasz Kapica   

Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy – Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, Zakład Ergonomii, Pracownia Psychologii i Socjologii Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa
Med Pr Work Health Saf. 2021;72(4):423–436
In recent years, there has been a clear increase in the interest in positive phenomena in work psychology. One of such issues is employee-initiated behavior aimed at transforming working conditions in order to increase job satisfaction and match it to one’s needs and abilities. These behaviors are referred to as job crafting. With the development of research on this issue, different theoretical concepts and definitions of job crafting were created and then evolved. The aim of the work is to systematize them and perform a critical analysis. The article analyzes 5 theoretical models of job crafting: Wrzesniewski and Dutton’s model, Tims and Bakker’s model, Zhang and Parker’s model, Bindl et al.’s model, and Kooij et al.’s model The publication presents the differences between these models, and strengths and critical points of each of them. Med Pr. 2021;72(4):423–36