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ORIGINAL PAPER
 
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Importance of dental care to maintain oral health of children and youth with type 1 diabetes

Anna Kuźmiuk 1  ,  
Anna Kierklo 2,  
 
1
Uniwersytet Medyczny w Białymstoku / Medical University of Bialystok, Białystok, Poland (Zakład Stomatologii Dziecięcej / Department of Pediatric Dentistry)
2
Uniwersytet Medyczny w Białymstoku / Medical University of Bialystok, Białystok, Poland (Zakład Propedeutyki Stomatologii / Department of Dentistry Propaedeutics)
3
Uniwersytet Medyczny w Białymstoku / Medical University of Bialystok, Białystok, Poland (Klinika Psychiatrii / Psychiatry Clinic)
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ABSTRACT:
Background: Dental care for children and youth with type 1 diabetes should rely on reliable examination of the oral cavity, early treatment of dental caries and maintenance of the treatment results. This can be achieved through regular control visits consistent with the standards, and also through following the recommendations for prevention of dental caries and periodontal disease. The aim of the study was to investigate whether dental care allows to preserve good oral health of children and youth with type 1 diabetes. Material and Methods: The study included 60 patients with type 1 diabetes, aged 7–17 years, and 30 healthy children and youth within the same age range. There were evaluated intensity of caries, the effectiveness of conservative treatment, periodontal health and oral hygiene. Results: The results of examinations showed significantly lower caries prevalence and better periodontal health in the children and youth with type 1 diabetes. The effectiveness of conservative treatment was significantly higher among patients with mixed dentition. There was no significant difference in oral hygiene between the compared groups. Conclusions: Diabetes is a risk factor for oral diseases, so children and youth with type 1 diabetes should be provided with special preventive care and curative measures. The main goal of the insulin-dependent diabetes care program is to early classify them to highrisk groups to improve general oral health and thus improve the quality of life. Proper dental care for children and yuoth with type 1 diabetes is a condition to maintain oral health. Med Pr 2018;69(1)
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Anna Kuźmiuk   
Uniwersytet Medyczny w Białymstoku, Zakład Stomatologii Dziecięcej, ul. Waszyngtona 15A, 15-269 Białystok
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eISSN:2353-1339
ISSN:0465-5893