Structural empowerment and work–family fit in nurses
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Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II / The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland (Wydział Nauk Społecznych, Instytut Psychologii / Faculty of Social Sciences, Insitute of Psychology)
Agnieszka Orłowska   

Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II, Wydział Nauk Społecznych, Instytut Psychologii, Al. Racławickie 14, 20-950 Lublin
Med Pr 2016;67(6):787–800
Background: The goal of the study was to investigate the relationship between structural empowerment and work–family fit in Polish nurses. Structural empowerment is a strategy for managing by providing the employees with opportunities, information, support and resources essential for the effective performance of work duties. Work–family fit takes 2 forms of relationships between these 2 spheres: conflict (functioning in one role is more difficult because of participation in the other role) and facilitation (fulfilling the duties associated with one role enriches filling up the other role). Material and Methods: A total of 159 nurses employed in hospitals took part in the study. The Polish versions of the Conditions of Work Effectiveness Questionnaire and the Work–Family Fit Questionnaire were used. Hierarchical linear regression analysis was applied for data analysis. Results: The results show statistically signifficant relationships between structural empowerment and work–family fit in nurses. In the hospital environment, characterized by a high degree of empowerment, nurses experience a lower level of work–family conflict and a higher level of facilitation in both directions. Conclusions: Hospital management strategy based on structural empowerment of nurses favors reconciliation of professional and family roles. Therefore, it is important for hospitals to create appropriate working conditions that allow nurses to effectively deal with demands arising from work and family spheres. Med Pr 2016;67(6):787–800