ORIGINAL PAPER
Impact of climate conditions on hospital admissions for subcategories of cardiovascular diseases
 
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1
University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Republic of Serbia (Faculty of Medicine)
2
Institute of Public Health of Vojvodina, Novi Sad, Republic of Serbia (Center for Hygiene and Human Ecology)
3
The Institute for Pulmonary Diseases of Vojvodina, Sremska Kamenica, Republic of Serbia (Thoracic Surgery Clinic)
4
Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases of Vojvodina, Sremska Kamenica, Republic of Serbia (Clinic of Cardiology)
5
Institute of Public Health Sabac, Sabac, Republic of Serbia (Center for Health Promotion, Analysis, Planning and Organization of Health Services, Informatics and Biostatistics in Health Care)
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Nataša Dragić   

Institute of Public Health of Vojvodina, Center for Hygiene and Human Ecology, Futoska 121, 21000, Novi Sad, Republic of Serbia
 
Med Pr 2017;68(2):189–197
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ABSTRACT
Background: The aim of this study has been to examine the association between climate conditions (CC) and hospital admissions for the subcategories of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), according to patients’ age. Material and Methods: From January 2010 through December 2011, the daily number of hospital admissions for angina pectoris (AP), essential hypertension (EH), acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and ischemic heart diseases (IHD) for adults (19–64 years old) and the elderly (≥ 65 years old), as well as for the CC (N = 728 days) was collected for multivariate Poisson regression analysis, confounding with season and weekends. The results were expressed by using the relative risk with the corresponding 95% confidence interval. Results: The risk for the AMI among the adults and the elderly is significantly higher for 41.8% and 38.9%, respectively on the days with lower ambient temperature and lesser for 32.7% and 29.8%, respectively on the days with lower air pressure values. The risk for the IHD among the elderly is significantly higher on the days with lower ambient temperature and lower relative humidity for 50.6% and 37.4%, respectively. Conclusions: Our findings explain how the CC and subcategories of CVD are associated, which could be used for adequate public awareness of the risk for hospitalization due to climate conditions. Med Pr 2017;68(2):189–197
eISSN:2353-1339
ISSN:0465-5893