REVIEW PAPER
Selected work-related nephropathies
 
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1
Gdański Uniwersytet Medyczny / Medical University of Gdansk, Gdańsk, Poland (Klinika Chorób Zawodowych, Metabolicznych i Wewnętrznych / Department of Occupational, Metabolic and Internal Diseases)
2
Uniwersytet Gdański/ University of Gdansk, Gdańsk, Poland (Katedra Biochemii/ Department of Biochemistry)
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Marcin Renke   

Gdański Uniwersytet Medyczny, Klinika Chorób Zawodowych, Metabolicznych i Wewnętrznych, Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu, ul. Powstania Styczniowego 9b, 81-519 Gdynia
 
Med Pr 2015;66(4):583–593
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ABSTRACT
Infections, high temperature and many of the toxic substances can cause kidney damage. Acute kidney injury is a well known complication of some work-related diseases, e.g., lead intoxication. Chronic kidney disease can also be caused by some occupational factors. Three work-related nephropathies, in which causal connection with work has been proved, are discussed in this article. There are different risk factors of nephrolithiasis, lead nephropathy and silica nephropathy, but each of them can cause chronic kidney disease. Prevention of these nephropaties seems to be relatively simple. The principles of protection from the toxic effects of heavy metals and silica dust are very specific. The most important prevention of kidney stones is correct fluid intake. In addition to providing adequate quantities of drinking water, it is also important to educate exposed workers and assure enough rest breaks at work. Med Pr 2015;66(4):583–593
eISSN:2353-1339
ISSN:0465-5893