Occupational diseases in Poland in 2013 and their causative agents
More details
Hide details
Instytut Medycyny Pracy im. prof. J. Nofera / Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland (Zakład Epidemiologii Środowiskowej / Department of Environmental Epidemiology)
Corresponding author
Neonila Szeszenia-Dąbrowska   

Instytut Medycyny Pracy im. J. Nofera. Zakład Epidemiologii Środowiskowej, Łódź, Polska, 91-348 Łódź, ul. św. Teresy 8, 91-348 Łódź, Polska
Med Pr 2014;65(4):463–472
Background: The paper presents the incidence of occupational diseases in Poland (2013). Material and Methods: Occupational disease reporting forms, supplied to the Central Register of Occupational Diseases, were used as the study material. The incidence was specified in terms of rates per 100 000 employed people. Results: The number of new cases was 2214 with the incidence rate of 15.6. The downward trend recorded over several years continues; compared to 2012, the number of new cases decreased by 7.8%. Exposure to dusts (35% cases), mostly inorganic (carbon, asbestos, and industrial dusts containing free crystalline silica) was the most common cause of occupational diseases. Among the organic dusts allergenic effects of flour and vegetable dusts predominated. Every 3rd case of occupational disease was attributable to physical agents, mainly the way the work is done, excessive vocal effort and noise. The sections of national economy with the highest incidence comprised mining and quarrying (271.1), manufacturing (24.3), education (22.4), agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing (21.0), human health and social assistance (20.5). Conclusions: The decreased incidence of ‘traditional’ diseases observed over the recent 15 years and the analysis of the 2013 incidence indicate a need to revise the Polish list of occupational diseases by exposures found in the modern work environment. Particular attention should be paid to conditions prevailing in workplaces with high exposures to industrial dusts containing free crystalline silica. A considerable variation in the incidence of voice disorders in teachers between individual voivodeships (provinces) points to the need for harmonization of the standards of preventive, diagnostic and certification procedures. Med Pr 2014;65(4):463–472