ORIGINAL PAPER
Excessive daytime sleepiness and risk for obstructive sleep apnea in the public transport drivers
 
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1
Uniwersytet Medyczny w Białymstoku / Medical University of Białystok, Białystok, Poland (Wydział Lekarski, Klinika Chorób Płuc i Gruźlicy / Faculty of Medicine, Department of Lung Diseases and Tuberculosis)
2
Uniwersytet Medyczny w Białymstoku / Medical University of Białystok, Białystok, Poland (Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu, Klinika Rehabilitacji / Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Rehabilitation)
3
Uniwersytet Medyczny w Białymstoku / Medical University of Białystok, Białystok, Poland (Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu, Klinika Alergologii i Chorób Wewnętrznych / Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Allergology and Internal Diseases)
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Łukasz Minarowski   

Uniwersytet Medyczny w Białymstoku, Wydział Lekarski, Klinika Chorób Płuc i Gruźlicy, ul. Żurawia 14, 15-540 Białystok
Sylwia Chwieśko-Minarowska   

Uniwersytet Medyczny w Białymstoku, Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu, Klinika Rehabilitacji, ul. M. Skłodowskiej-Curie 24A, 15-089 Białystok
 
Med Pr 2015;66(5):679–685
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ABSTRACT
Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a set of symptoms related to the increased upper airways resistance during sleep (due to pharyngeal walls collapse) leading to intermittent airflow obstruction in the lungs. One of the most severe OSA symptoms is excessive daytime sleepiness. Sustained daytime sleepiness may impair cognitive functions and thus influence the everyday functioning of affected person. Material and Methods: The aim of the study was to prospectively assess excessive daytime sleepiness and the risk for OSA in municipal bus drivers. The study was performed in a group of 103 men. The anonymous survey comprised Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) for daytime sleepiness assessment and STOP-Bang Questionnaire (SBQ) for OSA risk assessment. Results: In 43 (42%) respondents OSA risk was assessed as low, while moderate and high risk was observed in 55 (53%) and 5 (5%) drivers, respectively. Severe daytime sleepiness correlated positively with ESS results (r = 0.32; p < 0.05). In drivers with high OSA risk revealed in SBQ no correlation with high ESS was observed. Conclusions: In drivers with moderate and high OSA risk a sleep medicine specialist consultation with a consecutive diagnostic procedures is necessary. STOP-Bang Questionnaire and ESS are the fast tools to identify patients at increased risk for OSA. Med Pr 2015;66(5):679–685
eISSN:2353-1339
ISSN:0465-5893