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ORIGINAL PAPER
 
CC BY-NC 3.0 Polska
 
 

Back and neck pain among school teachers in Poland and its correlations with physical activity

Edward Saulicz 3, 4,  
Mariola Saulicz 3, 4,  
Pawel Linek 3  
 
1
The School of Administration / Wyższa Szkoła Administracji w Bielsku-Białej, Bielsko-Biała, Poland (Department of Physiotherapy / Wydział Fizjoterapii)
2
Silesian Medical University / Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach, Katowice, Poland (School of Health Sciences / Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu)
3
The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education / Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego im. Jerzego Kukuczki w Katowicach, Katowice, Poland (Department of Kinesitherapy and Special Methods of Physiotherapy / Katedra Kinezyterapii i Metod Specjalnych Fizjoterapii)
4
The Academy of Business / Wyższa Szkoła Biznesu, Dąbrowa Górnicza, Poland
5
Silesian Medical University / Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach, Zabrze, Poland (Department of Family Medicine / Wydział Medycyny Rodzinnej)
Med Pr 2015;66(6):771–778
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
Background: Back pain represents one of the most common diseases across various populations of workers worldwide. This study analyzes the prevalence and severity of back pain, based on selected demographic variables, and the relationship with physical activity among school teachers. Material and Methods: The study included 998 professionally active teachers (840 females and 158 males) from the southern part of Poland. Validated psychometric tools, namely: 1) for evaluation of disability due to back pain – a Polish version of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Neck Disability Index (NDI), 2) for physical activity assessment – the Subjective Experience of Work Load (SEWL) as well as the authors’ supplementary questionnaire, addressing demographic and anthropometric variables were used. Results: There was no correlation between age and the NDI scores in females (r = 0.027), in contrast to males (r = 0.202; p ≤ 0.05). Statistically significant correlations (p ≤ 0.05) were reported between: age and the ODI, in both females (r = 0.219) and males (r = 0.180). No associations between the body mass index (BMI)-ODI, and BMI-NDI were found. In the case of women, disability related to low back pain (LBP) had a negative impact on the indicators of their activity during work, sports, and leisure time. In the case of men, the NDI and ODI scores did not differ, based on activity indicators. Conclusions: Our findings confirm that back pain represents a serious concern among teachers. Age appears to be a prognostic factor, while no association between the BMI and LBP has been revealed. The limitation of physical activity leads to more frequent back pain. Med Pr 2015;66(6):771–778
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Pawel Linek   
The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice, Department of Kinesitherapy and Special Methods in Physiotherapy, Mikołowska 72B, 40-065 Katowice, Poland
eISSN:2353-1339
ISSN:0465-5893